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SBDv2 beta test is released!

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20-02-2018: Reference data for Leuclathrina translucida (Voigt et al. 2018, Zootaxa) are added (#1756-1757).

21-12-2017: Barcodes from Hawaiian sponges (Pons et al. 2017, PLoS) are added (#1665-1700).

19-09-2017: Reference data for Red Sea calcareous sponges from Voigt et al. (2017) added (#1650-1664).

18-09-2017: Calcareous sponge data of Voigt & Wörheide (2016) added.

16-09-2016: New holotype sequences: Hamacantha cassanoi Lehnert & Stone 2016 (#1646) added.

15-09-2016: New Reference (Paratype) Clathria (Wilsonella) rugosa Hooper & Levi 1993 (#652)

2016: New Sponge barcoding app in final phase. Watch this space! See preview

19-05-2016: Holotype of Isabella mirabilis (#1642) and Holo- & Paratypes of I. tanoa Ekins et al. 2016 (#1643-1645) added.

22-12-2015: Demosponge CO1 and 28S data of Erpenbeck et al.  Molecular biodiversity of Red Sea demosponges. Marine Pollution Bulletin (2016) added.

20-12-2015: Calcarea data of Voigt et al. (2016) A short LSU rRNA fragment as a standard marker for integrative taxonomy in calcareous sponges (Porifera: Calcarea) added.

10-08-2015: Antarctic sponge data of Vargas et al. (2015) Diversity in a Cold Hot-Spot: DNA - Barcoding Reveals Patterns of Evolution among Antarctic Demosponges (Class Demospongiae, Phylum Porifera), PLoS ONE added.

22-07-2015: New Holotype data added as References: Heteroxya corticata (#1152), Narrabeena lamellata (#1160), Stelletta anthastra (#1161). from Erpenbeck et al. (2015) Nothing in (sponge) biology makes sense – except when based on holotypes.

01-05-2015: Data of Schuster et al. (2015) Deceptive Desmas: Molecular Phylogenetics Suggests a New Classification and Uncovers Convergent Evolution of Lithistid Demosponges added

20-02-2015: New References: Isabella harborbranchi (#1114-1117) from Carvalho et al. (2014) Lithistid sponges of the upper bathyal of Madeira, Selvagens and Canary Islands, with description of a new species of Isabella

03-07-2012: Workflow and results of the Sponge Barcoding Project in PLoS ONE: Vargas et al.: Barcoding Sponges: An Overview Based on Comprehensive Sampling. (open access)

01-04-2012: New astrophorid sequences of Cárdenas & Rapp (2012): A review of Norwegian streptaster-bearing Astrophorida (Porifera: Demospongiae: Tetractinellida), new records and a new species; Zootaxa 3253: 1–52 added.

08-01-2012: New halichondrid sequences added from Erpenbeck et al. (2012) The phylogeny of halichondrid demosponges: past and present re-visited with DNA-barcoding data. The phylogeny of halichondrid demosponges: past and present re-visited with DNA-barcoding data. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 12:57-70.

16-11-2011: Implementation of the Geneious Biocode LIMS for handling sponge barcoding data. (pdf)

04-11-2011: Several taxonomy updates on submitted specimens.

October 2011: Several edits of metadata performed.

27-06-2011: New reference record of Sigmaxinella (S. hipposiderus) and two other specimens from Mitchell et al. 2011 Zootaxa added.

26-06-2011: The Sponge Barcoding Project is featured by Geneious (read more).

February 2011: two new reference records of Halisarca species from Ereskovsky et al. 2001 Zootaxa added.

October 2010: Search interface (BLAST etc.) in development

Data of Xavier et al. (2010) and Ferrario et al. (2010) added.

More than 500 records/sequences uploaded.

06-06-2010: New reference specimen for Tethya leysae added.

June 2010: High throughput DNA extraction, PCR and sequencing of Queensland Museum tissue samples in progress.

14-05-2010: Major additions to the database expected in the near future due to significant funding from the Marine Barcode of Life Project.


Welcome to the Sponge Barcoding Project! Print E-mail

Scope: The phylum Porifera (sponges) consists of about 8,000 described species, with an estimated species number of more than 15,000 [1]. The Sponge Barcoding Project (SBP) aims to cover all sponge taxa, from classes Demospongiae, Hexactinellida, and Calcarea, and ranging in habitat from the marine intertidal to the deep-sea, as well as freshwater. Obtaining DNA-signature sequences from 8,000 taxa will provide a platform from which more extensive sampling can be directed. Recently described type specimens curated in associated museums are barcoded first and supplemented with unequivocally identifiable taxa. Fresh material of such taxa will be collected by individual groups involved in the SBP and will be taxonomically identified by an expert before sequencing.
The Sponge Barcoding Database (SBD; see 'Data' button) is the prime access point for DNA signature sequences together with information on conventional morphological taxonomic characters of sponges. This unique combination of sponge-specific conventional taxonomic information and their DNA signature sequences is crucial for the use on sponges and the distinguishing feature to all other DNA databases.

Purpose: Sponges are the most basal metazoans and are notoriously difficult to identify. However, as a group they are highly diverse, ecologically important and of significant commercial importance to the pharmaceutical and biomaterials industry. Sponge barcodes provide a set of indispensible tools for the identification of sponge species, and greatly aid taxonomists, ecologists, and will enhance the discovery of drug-producing species.

Background: This is the first worldwide barcoding project on any non-bilaterian taxon, and covers the complete taxonomic range of Porifera. Several smaller pilot studies have recently been conducted independently, with various levels of resolution and success [2,3]. It has been shown, for example, that frequently co-occuring, congeneric species are difficult to separate with the standard COI barcoding fragment [3]. However, a more variable downstream fragment appears to bear adequate resolution [4]. Therefore, a concerted effort is now timely, and warrants comprehensive, phylum-wide coverage.

[1] Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (2002) Systema Porifera. Guide to the Supraspecific Classification of Sponges and Spongiomorphs (Porifera) (Plenum, New York).
[2] Duran, S. & Rutzler, K. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(1), 292-297.
[3] Wörheide, G. (2006) Marine Biology 148, 907-912.
[4] Erpenbeck, D., Hooper, J. N. A. & Wörheide, G. (2006) Molecular Ecology Notes 6, 550–553.


Last Updated on Wednesday, 16 November 2011 12:54


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